You are off to the farmers market or a pick-your-own farm. Are you wondering how much you will need for canning or freezing?  

How much apple butter will a bushel make? How much peach jam will two pounds make? The following tables will help you determine just that.

You can also visit Puget Sound Fresh to see what's in season right now.

Keep in mind that processed yields can vary based on the size of the produce and processing method, so consider the yields to be approximate.

Approximate Processed Yields for Vegetables

Product Retail Volume Net Weight (lbs) Processed Yield Comments
Asparagus bushel (bu) 24 1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen

3 to 4 lb. = 1 qt. canned

often sold in bunches weighing 1 1/2 to 2 lb. each
pyramid crate 32
Beans, Lima bushel 30

1 bu = 12 to 16 pt. frozen

3 to 5 lb. = 1 qt. canned

peck

8 to 9

Beans, Snap bushel 28 to 30

1 bu = 30 to 45 pt. frozen

1 1/2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned

1 bu = about 15-16 qt. canned

 
peck

8

Beets bushel, topped 52 1 bu = 35 to 42 pt. frozen

2 to 3 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned

often sold in 2 lb. bunches with leaves
Broccoli bushel 23 to 25 1 bu = 10 to 12 qt. canned

1 lb. = 1 pt. frozen

usually sold by the head or bunch weighing 1 to 1 1/2 lb.
Brussels Sprouts carton, loose pack 25

1 qt. = 1 1/2 pt. frozen  
quart

1 1/2

Cabbage flat crate 53 to 60

3 lb. = 1 qt. canned sauerkraut

1 lb. = 2 cups cooked

1 lb. = 4 cups shredded

often sold by the head, varying in size with variety and tightness of head, usually 2 to 6 lb.
carton

53

Carrots

bushel, topped 50 1 bu = 32 to 40 pt. frozen

2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned

often sold in 1 lb. bunch with tops
carton packed 2 dozen bunches of 1 lb. Each 23 to 27
Cauliflower carton of 12 to 16 trimmed 18 to 24 2 med. heads = 3 pt. frozen, or 1 1/2 qt. canned usually sold as 1 to 1 1/2 lb. heads
Collards Sold by doz. bunches, 3 plants per bunch from N. Ga., 5-7 plants S. Ga. from direct seeded crop   3/4 - 1 lb. = 1 pt. markets desire bunches to weigh 4 lb.
Corn, Sweet bushel

35

60 ears = 14 to 17 pt. frozen

1 doz. ears = 1 to 1 1/2 qt. canned

usually sold by doz. which weigh 6 to 8 lb. in husk

wirebound crates

42 to 50

Cucumbers bushel 48 to 50

1 bu = 24 qt. of dill pickles sometimes sold by count
peck

12 to 13

Eggplants bushel 33 to 35   sometimes sold by count
Greens bushel 18 to 20 1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen mustard, spinach, and turnip often sold in 1 to 1 1/2 lb. Bunches or bag
Kale bushel 18 1 bu = 6 to 9 qt. canned, 12 to 18 pt. frozen also sold in 1 to 1 1/2 lb. bunches
Muskmelons bushel 48   usually sold by count; vary widely in size by variety, 3 to 6 lb. Each
Okra tall bushel hamper

26 to 30

1 bu = 17 qt. canned

34 to 40 pt. frozen

 

12 qt. basket

15 to 18

Onions dry, sack 50

 

bunch, green - 48 bunches

15 to 18

Peas, English
green (unshelled)

bushel

28 to 30

1 bu = 12 to 15 pt. frozen

3 to 6 lb. = 1 qt. canned

 
peck 7 to 8
Peas, Southern bushel hamper 25 3 1/2 - 4 = 1 qt.  
Peas, Edible Pod peck 8 to 10  

quart

1 to 1 1/2

Peppers, Green Hot bushel 25 to 30 2/3

2/3 lb. = pt. frozen Green (often sold by count) large peppers, 80-85 per bu; small peppers, 110 per bu
cartons

16 to 25

Potatoes, Irish
(mature)

sack

100

1 bu = 20 qt. canned
 
bushel 60
peck 15
Potatoes (new) No. 10 bag 10  

Pumpkins

 

pie pumpkins each

5 to 15

3 to 4 lb. = 1 qt. canned
sold by count
Jack o'lantern each 15 to 40
Radishes carton of 30 6 oz. film bags

12
  also sold in bunches of 1/2 to 3/4 lb.
Rhubarb bunch 2 to 2 1/2 1 lb. cooked = 3/4 cup  
Rutabaga bushel basket 56 1 lb. = 2 2/3 cups diced usually sold by count
peck 15
Squash, Summer bushel 40 to 44 1 bu = 32 to 40 pt. frozen

2 to 4 lb. = 1 qt. canned

zucchini, crookneck, Patty Pan, etc.
8 qt. basket 10
Squash, Winter

small each
1 to 4 3 lb. = 2 pt. frozen

2 1/2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned

usually sold by count and may be graded by size such as Acorn, Butternut, Buttercup
intermediate each 6 to 12 such as Delicious, Golden Hubbard, Banana
large each 15 to 40 such as Blue Hubbard, Jumbo Banana
Sweet Potatoes bushel (cured) 50 2/3 lb. = 1 pt. frozen

2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned

 
peck

12 to 13

Tomatoes bushel 53

2 1/2 to 3 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned

1 bu = 15 to 20 qt. canned

 

paperboard box

25

8 qt. or peck basket

12 to 15

Turnips
(without tops)

mesh bag or bushel

50 to 56

1 lb. = 2 2/3 cups diced
wash - tie 6-8 turnips per bunch - roots to be 2-3" in diameter
peck 12 to 15
turnips bunched with tops. Sold by dozen in paperboard box. 18 dozen
Watermelons paperboard box 4 melons usually sold by count  

Approximate Processed Yield for Fruits

Product

Retail Volume

Net Weight (lbs)

Approximate Processed yield

Apples

bushel (bu)

42 to 48

1 bushel = 15 to 18 qt. canned applesauce

1 bushel = 30 to 36 qt. frozen applesauce

1 bushel = 10 to 12 qt. juice

1 peck (32 med. apples) = 4 qt. canned

1 1/4 to 1 1/2 lb. fresh = 1 pt. frozen

2 to 3 lb. fresh = 1 qt. canned

1 cup pared, sliced = 1/4 lb.

1/2 bushel bag

24

peck

10 to 14

Blackberries

6-qt. tray

10 to 12

1 1/2 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned

gallon

5 to 6

quart

1 1/4 to 1 1/2

Blueberries

6-qt. tray

9 to 12

2 1/4 to 3 lb. = 1 qt. canned

1 pt. fresh = 1 pt. frozen

1 cup = 1/3 lb.

1 cup = 1/3 lb.

gallon

6 to 8

quart

1 1/2 to 2

pint

3/4 to 1

Cherries

lug

15 to 16

2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned, unpitted

1 pt. = 1 pt. frozen, unpitted

1 cup = 1/3 lb.

quart

1 1/2 to 1 3/4

pint

1 1/4 to 1 1/2

Grapes 
(with stems)

bushel

44 to 50

1 bu = 16 qt. of juice

1 cup (whole, stemmed) = 1/3 lb.

lug

24 to 28

2-qt. basket

2 1/2 to 3

Peaches

bushel

48 to 52

1 bu = 18 to 24 qt. canned

2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned

1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen

1 cup = 2/5 lb.

1/2 bushel bag

24

lug

19 to 22

peck

12 to 14

Pears

bushel

48 to 50

1 bu = 20 to 25 qt. canned

2 to 2 1/3 lb. = 1 qt. canned

1 to 1 1/2 lb. = 1 pt. frozen

1 cup pared, sliced = 2/5 lb.

lug

21 to 24

peck

12 to 14

Plums

bushel

50 to 56

1 bu = 24 to 30 qt. canned

2 to 2 1/2 lb. = 1 qt. canned

1 cup halves = 1/3 lb.

peck

13 to 15

Raspberries

6 - qt. tray

8 to 10

1 cup = 1/3 lb.

3 - qt. tray

4

quart

1 1/4 to 1 1/2

pint

3/4

Strawberries

quart

1 1/4 to 1 1/2

1 lb. = 1 pt. frozen

4-qt. basket

6

6-qt. basket

10 to 12

8-qt. basket

12 to 15

8-qt. flat

12

24-qt. crate

36

Credit: The University of Georgia, College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences
This information prepared by former Extension horticulturists S.C. Myers and Paul Colditz. Released by Darbie Granberry and Terry Kelley, Extension horticulturists. Reviewed by Bob Westerfield, Extension horticulturist.

 


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